What’s So Great About Single-Hand Spey?

September 7, 2017 By: Philip Monahan

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Question: Every time I pick up a fly-fishing magazine or go into a fly shop, it seems that more space is devoted to Spey rods. Since I fish for trout exclusively, I haven’t paid much attention to the rise of two-handers, but now I’m starting to hear more guys talking about “single-hand Spey” stuff. Why would I want to Spey cast with my trout rod?

Tony C., via email

Switch Cast

Zach and Lauren Matthews photo

Answer: I felt the same way for a long time. I spent most of my time on medium-size rivers and tiny brook-trout streams, so the world of 15-foot, two-handed rods seemed very remote. But then I went to Ireland and got a lesson in Spey casting from Robert Gillespie on the River Moy. While he was instructing me on the ins and outs of the snake roll, he said, “It’s good that you understand how a fly rod works.”

When I asked him what he meant, he responded, “A fly rod is a fly rod. Just because this one is a lot longer than your trout rod doesn’t mean it behaves any differently. It still loads and unloads, and the relationship between the butt section and tip operates on the same principles.”

This piqued my interest and made me think that perhaps Spey fishing wasn’tall that different. A couple years later, I met world-class caster Way Yin at the Sandy River Spey Clave in Oregon, and he explained how he uses Spey casting techniques with a single-hand rod all the time. He showed me a few tricks, and I headed home intent on trying out these moves to see if they worked with my styles of fishing.

The answer is a definite yes. I have found that Spey-fishing techniques come in handy in many trout-fishing situations. In early spring, when the Battenkill (my local river) is high, there are lots of places where you can’t wade out very far, but you need to make a 30-foot cast to get your streamer to the fish-holding structure. The tree-lined banks offer no backcast room, and a roll-cast is very difficult when you’re using a sinking tip and a heavily weighted fly. I have found that a single-Spey cast gets the heavy fly to the surface, repositions the line, and keeps everything in motion so that when you make the presentation cast at the end, it’s much more powerful than a roll cast. I’m still far from an expert, but when you do everything correctly, it’s astonishing how well you can cast the heavy line and fly this way.

I was amazed to find that the technique is useful even on the tiniest brookie streams, too. The river that flows past my house is completely overgrown in summer, so it becomes like a green, leafy tunnel. The only way to fish it is to stand in the water and cast directly upstream. The problem is that, as your fly drifts back to you, you need to pick up the slack, which requires you to then make several false casts to get the line back out. The more you false-cast in such tight conditions, the more likely you are to snag a tree or a bush.

However, if you use a modified Spey cast, you never have to false cast. Here’s how it works. As the fly drifts back toward you, instead of picking up the slack, you move your rod tip across your body and downstream on your offhand side. When it’s time to cast again, you use a sweeping single-Spey motion—back across your body—to get the line in front of you, finishing with the presentation roll-cast cast directly upstream. It’s incredibly easy to do with a floating line and a dry fly.

There are lots of other casting techniques normally associated with two-handed rods—the snap-T, snake roll, etc.—that work great with your trout rod. Even if you don’t see yourself chucking chucking a Skykomish Sunrise across a wide British Columbia river, it pays to learn the ins and outs of two-handed casting. I’m sure you’ll find lots of occasions when a no-backcast, change-of-direction cast will make things easier for you and help you catch more trout.