Repairing Fly Line Coatings
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Question: I have a newer 8-weight bonefish line that had a minor encounter with a piece of coral. The core of the line doesn’t appear to have been damaged, but there is a half inch or so of the coating that was scraped. That section of line is close enough to the forward taper that my hand encounters it on all but the shortest casts. Can you suggest a way to slick it up? At the current $70 price tag for new lines, I can afford to spend some time trying to heal it.
Wayne H., Deer Lodge, MT
Answer: Aside from the annoyance of feeling the damaged core on every cast, you run the risk of the core absorbing water, which will make the line sink and perform oddly. The best method for repairing a fly-line coating depends on the severity of the injury.
In The Orvis Guide to Tackle Care and Repair, Ted Leeson recommends using adhesive to bond the exposed ends of the coating together and to the (undamaged) core. This is ultimately a temporary fix because the adhesive will eventually buckle, crack, or fail because of the constant bending and stretching that a fly line undergoes. However, if you only have to perform this operation a few times a year, it might be worth it.
Leeson says he has used Aquaseal®, gel-type superglue, and flexible CA glues such as Loctite® 414 and Flex-Zap with good results. The key is to ensure that you apply the adhesively evenly and completely. Here’s Leeson’s method:
- Wash and dry the damaged area thoroughly.
- Gently fold the fly line, so that the cut in the line widens, exposing the core.
- Using the tip of a toothpick, apply a small amount of adhesive to the gap between the coating ends. Make sure some adhesive gets on both ends, as well as on the core.
- Straighten the line to close the gap.
- Rotate the line 90 degrees, and fold it again to expose another part of the cut.
- Repeat the process until all the damage has been repaired.
- Straighten the line.
- If any adhesive squeezes out onto the line, wipe it off with a toothpick and spread the remainder evenly with a moistened finger.
- Push the two ends together and hold them for a few minutes, giving the adhesive time to bond.
- Let the line dry completely before you attempt to use it again.
If the damage is more severe, you may need to use heat to either reform the coating or to add reinforcing material in the form of plastic shrink-wrap tubing, says Jarrod Black of Rajeff Sports, which markets Airflo in the U.S.:
“If the line is polyurethane or polyethylene, you can put a heat-resistant sleeve (used on electrical wires) over the broken area and then apply heat with a heat gun. Be careful not to heat the line outside the heat resistant sleeve. Rotate the line over the heat source to uniformly apply the heat. This will “reform” the coating under the sleeve. Once the coating reaches the melting point, you remove the heat, and then let the line cool before removing the heat-resistant sleeve.”
This method doesn’t work for PVC products, which represent the vast majority of fly lines out there, however. Instead, you’ll want to use a heat-shrink sleeve to cover the damaged area. This kind of tubing is often used to attach a braided loop to the end of a fly line, and you can find it at any electrical-supply store, as well. The process is simple, yet easy to screw up if you’re not careful with the heat.
- Choose shrink-wrap tubing that will just barely fit over the line.
- Slide a piece of tubing (an inch longer than the damaged area on each side) into place.
- Hold the damaged section over a light bulb to shrink the sleeve. A light bulb throws off enough heat to shrink the sleeve, but is less likely to burn the coating or melt something you don’t want melted. Unless you have the hands of a brain surgeon, don’t try to shrink the sleeve with a cigarette lighter.
- After the sleeve has completed shrunk to fit the line over the damaged part, use an X-Acto Knife to trim the sleeve.
- Cover the whole thing with a soft adhesive to smooth any rough edges.
As Jarrod Black notes, it’s important that you don’t rush into this process without first taking some precautions: “Any time you use sleeves (shrink or heat-resistant) on lines, you want to make sure they’re cut long enough to protect the line from the heat source. Applying heat to the line outside of the sleeve will melt the line. It’s also good to cut a few feet off the line where it attaches to the backing to use as a ‘test’ portion and to get some practice in before you take a flamethrower to the working portion of the line.”
No matter how you make this repair, though, chances are that you’re still going to feel a bump or a sharp spot. So if it’s the feel of the damage that’s really bugging Wayne, he may end up just buying a new line.